Today in 1745, founding father John Jay was born in New York City. He was a lawyer, a diplomat, the president of the Continental Congress, second Governor of New York, and the first Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court. He was also the author of five of the Federalist Papers, which were written to convince the public to ratify the proposed United States Constitution.
As part of its collection of John Jay Papers, the New-York Historical Society’s Library holds this draft of Federalist No. 64, written in John Jay’s hand. It was originally published on March 5, 1788 in the Independent Journal. The changes in organization and wording from the published version are substantial, but the content still argues for the constitutional provisions for senatorial approval of treaties. In general, John Jay, as well as Alexander Hamilton and James Madison, favored a strong, centralized government.
The collection also contains these papers concerning negotiations with Great Britain that resulted in Jay’s Treaty (also known as the Treaty of London of 1794). The treaty was meant to resolve remaining issues between the United States and Great Britain after the Treaty of Paris of 1783, which ended the Revolutionary War.